A Complete Guide to Creams and Moisturizers


The most important thing you can do for your skin is to moisturize it. No matter what kind of skin you have, a moisturiser is a must-have item. This is true, though. It can be hard to find a product that works for you and fits your skin type. Proper hydration through moisturization is the key to having healthy-looking skin that looks and feels good.

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There isn’t a lot of agreement on what moisturiser is. This term was invented by marketers who wanted to show how it could make the skin moister.The effectiveness of moisturisers is largely dependent on how well they are chosen and how often they are used.

Dehydration, even if severe, does not constitute a medical emergency, as long as the skin is not cracked or broken to the point of infection or inflammation. Dry skin that hurts or itches is a common symptom of eczema. The true issue is this (although not all itchy skin is dry). The red, rough, scaly appearance of the skin is frequently mentioned in advertisements for moisturising products.

For those with dry skin, there are numerous lotions and creams to choose from. Rather than a medical or scientific term, they are sold as moisturisers. When it comes to routine skincare, there is little scientific data to support its effectiveness. The effects of numerous substances under carefully controlled conditions are rarely studied. Companies must protect ingredient information and make only limited claims about their goods’ abilities to comply with FDA restrictions.

Ingredients in moisturizers

Water: A cream or lotion is made when oil and water mix. In many recipes, water is the first thing on the list. A little bit of the water in moisturiser evaporates, but most of it is taken in. It is important to use an oily substance because the stratum corneum(layer under the skin) does a great job of absorbing but is terrible at holding on to things.

You won’t be able to get rid of dry and cracked skin if you only use an oil-based moisturiser. You need to re-hydrate your skin with water from the moisturiser or a bath to make it look good again. The best way to soften skin is to soak it in water for a long time and then use a moisturiser like Vaseline on top of that. Water-based moisturisers are better for most people unless their skin is very dry.

Occlusives: Oily substances in moisturisers, like petrolatum, are called “occlusives.” This is because they keep water from evaporating, which makes moisturisers last longer. It is one of the most common moisturisers on the market, but there are many more. Many different fats and waxes can be used to make occlusive.

The lotion also has paraffin, mineral oil, and stearic acid in it. It has cetyl alcohol and lanolin and lecithin in it, too. It has two silicone occlusives: Dimethicone and Cyclomethicone. A lot of cosmetics that say they’re oil-free use dimethicone instead of mineral or vegetable oil as an occlusive to keep the skin from getting dry.

The effectiveness of occlusives can be very different. Petroleum jelly is the best way to keep your skin moisturised, but lanolin, mineral oil, and silicones are also good choices.

Humectants: In this case, the term “humectant” refers to substances that can draw water from both outside and inside. In dry weather, there is a big difference in the air because there isn’t much moisture in the air. Examples of common humectants in food and cosmetics today are honey, panthenol (a form of vitamin B5), sorbitol (a sweetener), and urea.

Because humectants can draw water into a damaged, dry stratum corneum (layer of the skin), this may make it even drier. Humidifiers and occlusive substances are almost always used together to keep the moisture that humectants put on your skin.

Vitamins: When you put retinoic acid on your skin, it makes your skin produce more collagen. This makes your skin look smoother and younger. But the vitamin A in some moisturisers is retinyl palmitate, which is a very stable molecule but isn’t nearly as active as retinoic acid.

The small amounts of retinyl palmitate found in moisturisers aren’t likely to have a big or even a small effect on your collagen or wrinkles. The reason that retinyl palmitate might be good is that it might be able to keep things moist.

They add vitamin C, usually called ascorbic acid, and vitamin E, called tocopheryl acetate because they are good at protecting the body from damage. People who put vitamin C on their bodies have seen some effects, but only at very high concentrations. Doubts remain about whether vitamin C is useful in moisturisers because light and oxygen break down the vitamin C. Vitamin E in the form of tocopheryl acetate isn’t good for you, but it may be good for keeping things fresh.

Menthol: A lot of moisturisers that say they can help with itchy skin have menthol in them. Methyl doesn’t solve the problem, but it doesn’t seem to make the itching go away.

Lactic acid: The back of your heel can get clogged up with wet skin. Finally, use a moisturiser  to make the skin softer and less rough, making it less dry.It has a lot of lactic acid in it, which is a powerful humectant. It can also break down adhesions in the heel skin, which makes it more flexible and less likely to break, making it less likely to crack. There are times when foods that have lactic acid can be bad for you.

What’s Your Skin Type?

Moisturizing your skin every day is important to fight off free radicals and protect your skin from the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays, which can damage your skin. Sun protection is also important. As soon as you get out of the shower,it is best to moisturise your skin. This will help your still-wet skin stay in the water.

Your skin type is based on a lot of things, like your genes and things you can control, like what you eat. There are five different types of skin. 

Make sure you know what kind of skin you have so you can put the right things on it. Some very dry skin might not like water-based products, so they might not be good for them. Heavy moisturisers that can hold as much water as possible will be better for dry skin.

Determine your skin type:

  • Dry: Will benefit from a cream that is heavier and more oil-based.
  • Oily: Will be better off with lighter, water-based moisturisers.
  • Mature: Will benefit from oil-based moisturisers that help keep moisture in their skin.
  • Sensitive: Will benefit from ingredients like aloe that aren’t going to be too harsh on the skin, like aloe gel.
  • Normal/Combination:  Will be better off with a lighter moisturiser that is water-based.

A simple test can help you figure out what your skin type is. All you need is some tissue paper and a few minutes of your time. Paper can tell what kind of skin you have based on how much oil it picks up when it’s pressed on your face.

How a Skin Moisturizer Works

To soften dry skin, you need to use cleansers and moisturisers the most. When you use a moisturiser on your skin, it seals moisture into the outer layer of your skin and moves moisture from inside your skin to the outside layer of your skin.

Petrolatum, mineral oil, lanolin, and dimethicone are some of the main ingredients that keep water in. It helps water get into the outer layer of the skin with the help of things like glycerin, propylene glycol, proteins, urea, and vitamins.

Finding the Skin Moisturizer For You

Follow these rules as you shop, and if you don’t get the results you want, try a different one the next time:

  • Note the first five ingredients:It is said to look for common active ingredients, like lanolin, glycerin, or petrolatum, when you buy a lotion or a cream. lanolin is more likely to cause an allergic reaction, she says. Glycerin is less likely to do that.It is also said that you should choose a moisturiser that comes from a well-known company.
  • Go for added sunscreen: Buy a moisturiser with a sun protection factor of at least 30. This is one of the best things you can do to keep your skin from being damaged by the Sun, so do it! More and more companies are making moisturisers with sunscreen for the face and body. You’ll have to look for them.
  • Make it skin-type appropriate: If you want to use a different moisturiser on your face than you do on your body, you should look for one that says non-comedogenic. This means that it won’t clog your pores. Of course, pick one that fits your skin type. There are many hypoallergenic moisturisers on the market, so it’s always good to look for one if you have sensitive skin. If you have oily skin, choose a light moisturiser that doesn’t have any oil in it. If your skin is dry, get something that is a little richer.It is said  that if you have mixed skin, you should use a lighter moisturiser on your whole face and a thicker one on the dry parts. When you buy lotion, keep in mind that you may need a lighter lotion in the summer, and a cream or ointment in winter.
  • Consider using a moisturizer with retinol before bed: Retinol is vitamin A for your skin. It helps your skin look better. It makes your skin cells turn over faster. Buying it over the counter or getting it from your doctor is the best way to do this, but be careful because it can make your skin hurt, get red, or dry.

There are a lot of different types of moisturisers out there.

Because we all have different skin types, there will not be one moisturiser that works for everyone. There are a lot of different types of moisturisers, so it is important to know what they are. The moisturiser you use should be based on your skin type and should also be able to help with any skin problems you might be having. The right moisturiser can do a lot for your skin and any other problems that you have, like dry skin.

There are a lot of different moisturizers on the market, some are dermatologist approved such as the moisturizers from SkinInspired that are curated for specific skin types, but there are ones that are not so effective as well. To make an informed decision, you should learn more about them:

Moisturizers and Lotions:

It’s good to use light moisturisers every day because they get into your skin quickly. Lotions are usually easy to spread and put on. It is because they are water-based and have a runny consistency that makes them different from other types of moisturisers. During the day, they don’t make your skin feel oily or sticky. Lotions help keep your skin moisturised during the day.

Moisturizing Creams:

You should use moisturising creams when it is cold outside because they help keep your skin soft. They also work best for people with dry skin because they keep the oil to water ratio the same. Because of this, the texture of the creams is a lot denser. It takes them a long time to get absorbed into the skin, but they also make the skin a lot more moister. It’s best for people with normal to dry skin to use moisturising creams.

They work best during the day and at night, and they work best for people with normal to dry skin. The camellia extracts help keep the skin’s natural moisture and fight environmental damage. They also help make collagen. A lot of people use this cream to get rid of dark spots on their skin and fight signs of ageing.

Oil-Free Moisturizers:

These types of moisturisers work just like normal moisturisers do. They do the same thing. A barrier is made over the skin to keep the moisture in and keep the skin healthy. Oil-free moisturisers are best for people with both combination and oily skin because they don’t make their skin feel greasy or sticky. Humectants in these moisturisers help the skin stay hydrated by pulling moisture from the air and putting it on the surface of the skin.

Gel Moisturizers:

Gel moisturisers are good for oily and acne-prone skin because they don’t have any oil in them. These are very light and work well in the summer. These moisturisers keep the skin well-hydrated and also help to soothe inflamed skin.


Even though serums are not moisturisers, they do the same thing. A lot of people use serums every day, which can help keep their skin hydrated and healthy.

What is the best way to apply a moisturiser?

While there isn’t a set manner to apply moisturisers, there are a few pointers you should keep in mind.

  • You should put on moisturiser right after you wash your face.

Clean your face with a mild face wash to get rid of dirt and other things that don’t belong on your face. As soon as you’ve patted your skin dry, use a lot of moisturisers to apply to your face. After you wash your face, apply a moisturiser right away. This will keep your skin from becoming dry.

  • Use a light moisturiser in the morning, and a thick moisturiser at night, to keep your skin soft.

By applying a light moisturiser in the morning, you keep your skin well-hydrated. Your skin needs proper moisturization during the night, but not during the day. Make sure to use thick, oil-based creams and serums right before you go to bed. It is very light and will be quickly absorbed into your skin.

  • If you have a bad case of acne, you should moisturise your face.

Most people don’t use a moisturiser when their skin starts to break out(Acne). This is even worse for your skin. Your skin will dry out if you stop moisturising it and lose the water. This could lead to even more breakouts.

  • Before you put on your makeup, moisturise.

Your makeup may have ingredients that could make your skin dry. A moisturiser not only protects your skin from makeup products but also keeps it well-hydrated so that it doesn’t dry out.

Based on the type of skin you have, how do skin moisturisers work

  • Dry Skin: A good moisturiser is oil-based. This will help you stay well-hydrated. You should look for moisturisers with ingredients like Hyaluronic Acid and Glycerin in them, as well. These ingredients will help soothe dry skin and keep moisture in your body.
  • Oily Skin: To choose the right moisturiser for people with oily skin, it is important to know what they need. Use a moisturiser that is light but good to keep your face moist. This will help you stop your glands from making too much oil. Some moisturisers don’t have any oil in them that would be best for you to use. if your skin is very oily, you can also use gel moisturisers to keep your skin healthy.
  • Combination Skin: If you have mixed skin, you can use two different moisturisers for different parts of your face. Use an oil-free moisturiser on the oily parts of your body, and an oil-based moisturiser on the dry parts.
  • Sensitive Skin: Those who have sensitive skin are more likely to want natural products that don’t have any artificial ingredients or fragrances in them. You should look for all-natural products that will work well with your skin that is very dry.


If you get a moisturiser prescription from your doctor, it is very unlikely that it will cause you to get sick even if you use it for a long time on a lot of your body. Moisturizing lotions can cause a wide range of discomfort because any substance can cause skin reactions in sensitive areas of some people.

The most common side effect is skin irritation, which can happen with or without signs and symptoms of inflammation.


If you’re still having trouble finding the right moisturiser, you’ll have to try it out and see what works best for you. This is because the population is getting older and we become more and more urbanised around the world. This means that we will need more moisturiser. The key to moisturiser therapy in the future will be to specific agents to meet the needs of different types of skin.

This review helps you get a basic idea of how moisturisers can affect your body and mind when you use them. The more you know about the active ingredients and how they work with your skin, the better you can use and use the moisturisers that are out there. If you liked this post, and are in search of more, visit our website to get relevant information on how to take care of your skin.